Erodoto - Storie libro I Capitolo I testo greco Traduzione translation traduction

Περσέων μέν νυν οἱ λόγιοι Φοίνικας αἰτίους φασί γενέσθαι τῆς διαφορῆς.

τούτους γὰρ ἀπό τῆς Ἐρυθρῆς καλεομένης θαλάσσης ἀπικομένους ἐπὶ τήνδε τὴν θάλασσαν, καὶ οἰκήσαντας τοῦτον τὸν χῶρον τὸν καὶ νῦν οἰκέουσι, αὐτίκα ναυτιλίῃσι μακρῇσι ἐπιθέσθαι, ἀπαγινέοντας δὲ φορτία Αἰγύπτιά τε καὶ Ἀσσύρια τῇ τε ἄλλῃ ἐσαπικνέεσθαι καὶ δὴ καὶ ἐς Ἄργος. [2] τὸ δὲ Ἄργος τοῦτον τὸν χρόνον προεῖχε ἅπασι τῶν ἐν τῇ νῦν Ἑλλάδι καλεομένῃ χωρῇ.

ἀπικομένους δὲ τούς Φοίνικας ἐς δὴ τὸ Ἄργος τοῦτο διατίθεσθαι τὸν φόρτον. [3] πέμπτῃ δὲ ἢ ἕκτῃ ἡμέρῃ ἀπ᾽ ἧς ἀπίκοντο, ἐξεμπολημένων σφι σχεδόν πάντων, ἐλθεῖν ἐπὶ τὴν θάλασσαν γυναῖκας ἄλλας τε πολλάς καὶ δὴ καὶ τοῦ βασιλέος θυγατέρα· τὸ δέ οἱ οὔνομα εἶναι, κατὰ τὠυτὸ τὸ καὶ Ἕλληνές λέγουσι, Ἰοῦν τὴν Ἰνάχου· [4] ταύτας στάσας κατά πρύμνην τῆς νεὸς ὠνέεσθαι τῶν φορτίων τῶν σφι ἦν θυμός μάλιστα· καὶ τοὺς Φοίνικας διακελευσαμένους ὁρμῆσαι ἐπ᾽ αὐτάς. τὰς μὲν δὴ πλεῦνας τῶν γυναικῶν ἀποφυγεῖν, τὴν δὲ Ἰοῦν σὺν ἄλλῃσι ἁρπασθῆναι. ἐσβαλομένους δὲ ἐς τὴν νέα οἴχεσθαι ἀποπλέοντας ἐπ᾽ Αἰγύπτου.


Secondo i Persiani Io giunse in Egitto così e non come narrano i Greci; e questo episodio avrebbe segnato l'inizio dei misfatti.

In seguito alcuni Greci (essi non sono in grado di precisarne la provenienza), spintisi fino a Tiro, in Fenicia, vi rapirono la figlia del re, Europa; è possibile che costoro fossero di Creta. E fino a qui la situazione era in perfetta parità, ma poi i Greci si resero responsabili di una seconda colpa: navigarono con una lunga nave fino ad Ea e alle rive del fiume Fasi, nella Colchide, e là, compiuta la missione per cui erano venuti, rapirono Medea, la figlia del re dei Colchi;

questi mandò in Grecia un araldo a reclamare la restituzione della figlia e a chiedere giustizia del rapimento, ma i Greci risposero che i barbari non avevano dato soddisfazione del ratto dell'argiva Io e che quindi per parte loro avrebbero fatto altrettanto.


Those of the Persians who have knowledge of history declare that the Phenicians first began the quarrel. These, they say, came from that which is called the Erythraian Sea to this of ours; and having settled in the land where they continue even now to dwell, set themselves forthwith to make long voyages by sea. And conveying merchandise of Egypt and of Assyria they arrived at other places and also at Argos; now Argos was at that time in all points the first of the States within that land which is now called Hellas;--the Phenicians arrived then at this land of Argos, and began to dispose of their ship's cargo: and on the fifth or sixth day after they had arrived, when their goods had been almost all sold, there came down to the sea a great company of women, and among them the daughter of the king; and her name, as the Hellenes also agree, was Io the daughter of Inachos. These standing near to the stern of the ship were buying of the wares such as pleased them most, when of a sudden the Phenicians, passing the word from one to another, made a rush upon them; and the greater part of the women escaped by flight, but Io and certain others were carried off. So they put them on board their ship, and forthwith departed, sailing away to Egypt.


Chez les Perses, les savants disent que des Phéniciens furent cause du différend. (...) C'est ainsi que cela se passa selon les Perses, et c'est la prise d'Ilion qu'ils trouvent à l'origine de l'hostilité qu'ils ont à l'égard des Grecs. (...) Voilà donc ce que disent les Perses et les Phéniciens. Pour ma part, à ce sujet, je ne vais pas dire que cela s'est passé de telle ou telle manière, mais, celui que je sais moi-même avoir le premier commencé les actions injustes envers les Grecs, je l'indiquerai avant de progresser dans la suite du récit, parcourant aussi bien les petites que les grandes cités. Car celles qui jadis étaient grandes sont devenues pour la plupart petites, et celles qui de mon temps étaient grandes étaient auparavant petites. Connaissant donc que la prospérité humaine ne demeure jamais au même point, je mentionnerai aussi bien les unes que les autres.

release check: 2020-03-21 09:28:01